Gabon has a population of about 2 million people having one of the lowest population density in Africa with about 40 ethnic groups.

There are a number of ethnic groups that can be found in Gabon with the largest group being the Fang tribe.

Let’s look at some of these tribes.


The Fang tribe are the largest ethnic group in Gabon comprising more than 30% of the total population. The Fang tribe are also found in Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea.

The native language spoken by the Fang people is the Fang language which is a Bantu language and is also known as Pangwe or Pahoin or Pamue.


The Bakota ethnic group of Gabon is a Bantu ethnic group. They are also called the Kota tribe and they speak the Kota language also called the Ikota or Ikuta or Bakota language. 


This Mitsongo tribe can be found on the highlands of Gabon. The native language of the Mitsongo tribe is the Tsogo language.


This ethnic group is indigenous to Gabon and Equatorial Guinea. The native language of the Benga people is the Benga language. 

Written and edited by Ebenezer Oladokun

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